Spiders on the Net
[Posted and published in various places -- feel free to republish, so
long as you credit me, Andrew Burt,
It came to me suddenly -- a solution to the terminology problem
that's appeared so often in these groups regarding "hacker" vs. "cracker".
As we all know, "hackers" has a double meaning, rendering it essentially
useless as a term, and a point of contention between the computer
literate and illiterate. Do you mean the system intruder type hacker
or the clever programmer type hacker? Most of the latter bristle at the
former, more common use in the general media, and regard those who use it
with scorn. "Those are 'crackers'", they say.
Yet I've never been comfortable with the term "cracker" as applied to
system intruders. As others have pointed out, it is fairly overloaded
with other meanings already, such as (1) the wafer-like food one might
have with cheese, (2) people addicted to crack cocaine, (3) local
derogatory term in some parts of the country. I haven't yet seen any
system intruders label themselves as crackers, either; a proper term
would hopefully be acceptable to both those who do it and those who
don't. Something the media could grasp as well would be desirable. As
has been debated repeatedly, "hacker" is not the right term for system
intruders per se, plus it makes communication difficult when "hacker"
keeps meaning different things. Beyond "cracker" being pretty overloaded,
not to mention sounding just plain silly, it doesn't have any
imagery to go with it: Would you say "A cracker left some crumbs on
my system"? "I found a cracker and ate him"? Ugh.
But taking the generic way out, e.g., calling someone who intrudes and
damages the system a "vandal", or other existing pejoratives, isn't
very catchy. Nor are the intruders likely to call themselves
vandals, etc. In other words, while I do maintain that this class of people
needs a name, one that they can call themselves and everyone else can
call them also, I also maintain that the existing names don't work.
But then, as I was trying to explain to someone about intruders, the
right word just popped up, and the more I think about it, the more I think
it is the perfect term: Spider. Like a spider in your basement.
Think about this...
- Spiders sneak in through the tiniest holes, which you often don't
even know you have.
- Spiders get in no matter how hard you try to keep them out.
- You don't see spiders most of the time -- but they're there.
- Indeed, spiders are just about everywhere.
- Spiders run away when you try to catch them, but they don't
- Spiders don't just pass through, they hide out in dark corners
of your (basement, system).
- Spiders may leave accidental messes behind when they get nervous (ever
seen a spider poop because you're trying to get it? Yechh!).
- Many people are unnecessarily afraid of spiders.
- Some people, however, tolerate spiders as long as they don't
get in the way.
- They're annoying, but most spiders don't harm anything.
- Spiders don't like to be exposed.
- Some spiders are poisonous, but most aren't.
- Spiders leave messes behind (like webs, or the weblike strands
they use to drop down from ceilings) intentionally (because
it's part of what they are), but not maliciously.
- Spider messes act like signs that spiders are or have been
there -- but you don't know which.
- It's hard to reason with a spider; they just see things differently.
- Spiders don't often "understand" the hole they're entering with
(e.g., they don't realize, say, an open window was not
opened so they could enter, they just happened to be there;
they have no concept of "window" per se -- by analogy, many
computer spiders don't have a clue why a hole is a hole,
and couldn't have created or discovered it themselves,
they just know how to use it from a cookbook).
- More than one spider will often come in through the same hole,
at different times (esp. if you haven't fixed the hole).
- Spiders are often jittery, jumping nervously at nearby movement
(but sometimes stupidly sitting in one place when they
ought to run for their life).
- Spiders often are thought to be bugs (class Insecta) but aren't
(they're class Arachnida). (e.g., looking for a
computer bug that causes strange behavior may actually
be the result of an intruder, not a bug.)
- Indeed, many Spiders collect and feed off bugs.
- Spiders often spin intricate webs to continue their existence
(to catch food, passwords, etc.)
- One spider may lay eggs, bringing you more spiders.
- Spiders are mostly solitary.
- Some spiders think they're freedom fighters (ah, um, Spiderman),
but this is mostly fiction.
- Spiders have a generally bad reputation.
- Most people try to squish spiders when they discover them.
- Spiders are hard to find when you decide to look for them.
- Spiders may have some minor benefit to you (catching bugs, exposing
holes), but you almost certainly wouldn't invite spiders
in for just this purpose; and you could probably argue
successfully you'd rather have the bugs and not the spiders.
Anyway, you get the point. The more I think about it, the better it seems
to fit. I thus propose we dump "cracker" and "hacker" and use "spider"
instead. If this turns out to be widely acceptable, then we should
educate the media to use the proper terminology (and, I think, "spider"
has a certain immediate recognition factor among laymen, which "hacker"
and esp. "cracker" lack). Hacker, then, can return to its prior
meaning, in the sense of "clever programmer". (Of course, one
individual could still be both a hacker and spider. My experiences,
though, suggest that most spiders are not very good programmers, i.e.,
"Spider" also brings with it a rich imagery for describing spider-like things.
For activities, we have "spinning", for example. They weave webs.
Catch bugs. And so on.
It might sound, from reading the above analogies, that I'm not averse to
spiders (the computer kind, aka "crackers"). I'd like to make it clear,
in fact, that I am spider-averse -- but, the fact is, I believe most of
what I said about them, to the point that I feel (without substantial
investments into "real" security by vendors) that they are something
that must be lived with. Much as I feel it's impossible to rid your house
of spiders permanently, I feel it's impossible to rid the net of them.
I haven't seen the term spider applied in a computing fashion before,
and even if it has been, it's certainly not common. This strikes me as
a perfect use for it.
So, if you like it, adopt it, use it, publicize it.